Association of Sociodemographic Factors with Feeding Practices among Infants in Urban Area of Kanpur District
Background: National Guidelines on Infant and Young Child Feeding should become an integral part of nation-wide integrated child development Services (ICDS) and the Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) Programme. These need to be effectively operationalized through the programme managers and field functionaries of these on-going programmes. This can happen only when they are practically oriented to the correct norms of IYCF. Methods: A cross sectional study of feeding practices amongst77 mothers of infants was conducted in the Rama medical college hospital and research centre Kanpur. This study was conducted over a period of six months.
Results: Out of 77 mothers, 46.7 %of the mothers were in the age group of less than 25 years followed by 52% of the mothers in the age group 25 -34 years and only 1.3 % of the mothers were more than 35 years of age.. All of the respondents in the study group had delivered in hospital.
Conclusion: Time of complementary feeding initiation varied according child’s gender, predominant caregiver of the child, mother’s parity and socio economic status of the family, which were found to be statistically significant.
2. Indicators For Assessing Infant And Young Child Feeding Practices Conclusions of a consensus meeting held 6-8 November in WHO Washington D.C. USA. [cited 2014 Dec 26]. Available from: http://www/iycf indicators for peer review.
3. Rao S, Swathi P, Unnikrishnan B, Hegde A. Study of complementary feeding practices among mothers of children aged six months to two years-A study from coastal south India. The Australasian medical journal. 2011;4(5):252.
4. Santos I, Victora CG, Martines J et al. Nutrition counselling increases weight gain among Brazilian children. Journal of Nutrition. 2001;131(11):2866−73.
5. Pratibha Gupta, VK Srivastava, Vishwajeet Kumar, Savita Jain, Jamal Masood, Naim Ahmad, and JP Srivastava. Newborn care practices in urban slums of Lucknow City, U.P. Indian J Community Med. 2010 January; 35(1): 82–85.
6. Haque M J, Rahman MM, Sarker SK, Ali MA, Fakir M, Rahman MM, Islam MM. Infant Feeding Practice by the Rural Mothers of Dinajpur District. Dinajpur Med Col J 2010 Jan; 3 (1):35-38
7. VishwajeetKumar , Saroj Mohanty , Aarti Kumar , Rajendra P Misra , Prof MathuramSantosham ,Prof Shally Awasthi , Abdullah H Baqui , Pramod Singh, Vivek Singh, Prof Ramesh C Ahuja, ProfJaiVir Singh, Prof Gyanendra Kumar Malik, Saifuddin Ahmed, Prof Robert E Black, Prof Mahendra Bhandari, Gary L Darmstadt. Effect of community-based behaviour change management on neonatal mortality in Shivgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. The Lancet. September 2008; 372(9644):1151 – 1162.
8. David Osrin, Kirti M Tumbahangphe, Dej Shrestha, Natasha Mesko, Bhim P Shrestha, Madan K Manandhar, Hilary Standing, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony M de L Costello. Cross sectional, community based study of care of newborn infants in Nepal. British Medical Journal 2002; 325:1063-66.
9. Suman Singh, DC Jain, Mahtab Singh. Determinants of utilization of Maternal and child health services in a rural area of Uttar Pradesh, (India). Indian Journal of Maternal and Child Health 2010; Oct – Dec, 12(4).
10. Froozani MD, Permehzadeh K, Motlagh AR, Golestan B. Effect of breastfeeding education on the feeding pattern and health of infants in their first 4 months in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Bull World Health Organ. 1999;77(5):381-5.
11. Mahmood SE, Srivastava A, Shrotriya VP, Mishra P. Infant feeding practices in the rural population of north India. J Family Community Med. 2012;19(2):130-5.
12. Salmaso S, Rota MC, CiofiDegliAtti ML, Tozzi AE, Kreidl P. Infant immunization coverage in Italy: Estimates by simultaneous EPI cluster surveys of regions. ICONA Study Group. Bull World Health Organ. 1999;77(10):843-51.
13. National Family Health Survey (NFHS) - 3 State Report. Indian Institute of Population Sciences. Available from: http://www.rchiips.org/NFHS/report.shtml. [Last accessed on2014 Aug 23].
14. Annual Health Survey Bulletin, Uttar Pradesh (2010-2011). Available from: http://www.censusindia.gov.in/vitalstatistics/AHSBulletins/AHS_Baseline_Factsheets/U_P.pdf. [Last
accessed on 2014 Aug 23].
Copyright (c) 2021 Anupama Srivstava, Mili Sengar
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.