Change in Basal Cardiac and Respiratory Parameters after Regular Practice of Bhramari Pranayama and Yoganidra in Young Medical Students

  • Ritu Bajpai Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Ananta instute of medical sciences & research center Rajsamand
  • Chanda Rajak Professor, Department of Physiology, Shyam Shah Medical College Rewa
  • Sanjeev Rampalliwar Professor, Department of Physiology, Shyam Shah Medical College, Rewa
Keywords: Bhramari Pranayama, Yoganidra, Pulse, Blood pressure, Respiratory Rate


Aim:  The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of regular practice of  Bhramari pranayama and Yoganidra for 3 months on the basal cardiac and respiratory parameters of young healthy medical students.

Background: Previous studies support the beneficial effect of Bhramari pranayama and Yoganidra individually in hypertension and other diseases. This is a study to evaluate effect of combination of pranayama and meditation on basal cardiac and respiratory parameters in young healthy individuals.

Materials and Methods: Total 94 young medical students were selected who performed Bhramari Pranayama and Yoganidra for a duration of 3 months. Basal values of pulse, blood pressure and respiratory rate were recorded on each student before and after yoga.

Results: In our study mean pulse rate  before yoga  was  76.39 ± 4.34 per min. and after yoga  it reduced to 74.56 ± 3.55 per min (p <0.001) .The basal systolic blood pressure before yoga was systolic 117.12 ± 4.470 mm Hg and diastolic 74.18 ± 3.884 mm Hg .After 3 months of yoga systolic reduced to 114.18 ± 4.103 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure fell to 71.37 ± 2.570 mm Hg (p < 0.001).

Before yoga the mean respiratory rate was 19.25 ± 1.756 per minute which reduced to 18.16 ± 1.37 per minute (p < 0.001).

Conclusion:  Bhramari  Pranayama  and  Yoganidra  significantly  reduced pulse, blood pressure and respiratory rate.


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How to Cite
Bajpai R, Rajak C, Rampalliwar S. Change in Basal Cardiac and Respiratory Parameters after Regular Practice of Bhramari Pranayama and Yoganidra in Young Medical Students. Int Arch BioMed Clin Res [Internet]. 2019Sep.30 [cited 2021Apr.16];5(3):83-5. Available from:
ORIGINAL ARTICLES ~ Human Physiology