Assessment of Burn Cases Visited in Hospital for Surgical Treatment
Background: Burns can be very destructive, and severely endanger the health and lives of humans. It maybe causes disability and even psychological trauma in individuals. Hence; the present study was undertaken for assessing burn cases visited in hospital for surgical treatment.
Materials and methods: A total of 269 burn patients were enrolled in the present study. Complete demographic profile and clinical details of all the patients was obtained. All the patients were segregated into various socio-economic classes on the basis of Kuppuswamy's socioeconomic status scale. Swabs were taken from the burn areas and were inoculated into culture media for assessing the growing microorganisms. All the results were recorded in Microsoft excel sheet.
Results: Mean hospital stay was found to be 39.6 days. Conservative treatment without surgical intervention was done in 187 patients while surgical treatment was done in 82 patients. Most common microorganism growing in the burn areas were Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Methicillin-sensitive staphylococcus aureus, Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus sp. and Escherichia coli.
Conclusion: Burn patients should be initially conservatively managed by adequate resuscitation, early wound debridement and closure.
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